How to treat acne and scarring
Firstly, what is acne?
Suffering with acne is not easy on anyone. It can feel like a very isolating skin condition and can also play havoc with our body confidence and self-image. Unfortunately, acne is not rare, in fact, around 80% of people between the ages of 11 – 30 suffer with some form of this upsetting skin condition at some point in their lives. Others find that they may have had clear skin up until their late 30s and then suddenly get a condition called adult-onset acne.
The British Skin Foundation reported that a total of 28% of the UK population suffer from the skin condition at any time. Of those sufferers, 95% felt that acne and acne scarring negatively impacted on their lives on a daily basis.
Acne, at whatever age you are, can be very sore, red and inflamed during a flare up, but even more frustratingly can leave behind very visible acne scars even after it has cleared up.
What are the types of acne?
- Cysts. This is the most severe type of spot caused by acne. Cysts are large pus-filled lumps that look similar to boils and carry the greatest risk of causing permanent scarring
- Blackheads. These are distinguished as small black or yellowish bumps that develop on the skin. People often think they are black as they’re filled with dirt – however, this is not the case, it is because the inner lining of the hair follicle produces pigment which gives them a darker colour.
- Whiteheads. As the name suggests, these types of spot have a similar appearance to blackheads, however, they may be firmer and won’t empty when squeezed.
- Papules. These are small red bumps that may feel tender or sore to touch.
- Pustules. This type of spot has a white tip in the centre, which is called by pus.
- Nodules. These are those large, hard lumps beneath the surface of the skin. They can be painful and won’t squeeze.
What are the different types of acne scar?
- Macular Acne Scarring. Macular Scars appear upon the site of the skin condition and feature dark patches of uneven skin pigment.
- Box Acne Scars. Box Scars are circular shaped scars, appearing with steep sides, and look similar to Chicken Pox scarring.
- Rolling Acne Scars. Skin undulations are caused by damage just below the surface. These scars are wide and shallow and are medically referred to as Rolling Acne Scars.
- Ice Pick Scars. Ice Pick Scars resemble open pores, of the skin and can be quite large in appearance, being both deep and narrow. Due to their appearance, these scars and are medically referred to as Ice Picks.
What causes acne?
There are many theories for what causes acne from it being an inherited condition, to issues with diet, hormones or our skin care routine. Acne often is made worse when the fine hair follicles on our faces and bodies are clogged with dead skin cells and oil.
Some people suffer with very different types of acne and can have singular red spots, an almost rashy appearance, large boils or under the skin spots or whiteheads, pimples and blackheads.
What causes acne scarring?
One of the most common complaints we see at our Liverpool clinic is the pitted or textured skin left behind by scarring of acne. Acne scars are caused by inflamed lesions on the skin. The tissues affected by the spots are destroyed and our bodies natural response is to try to heal the wound.
Acne scarring is caused by the body effectively putting too much effort into healing the wounds caused by open spots or picking. The way the body heals the wound is to create scar tissue which is not as smooth.
How can I treat acne?
At Aesthetics of Liverpool, our aim is to get you to a place where you are happy with the way that your skin looks so that you can reclaim your smile, and your confidence and get your acne under control.
There are many different types of acne, which makes a personalised treatment plan very important. Aesthetics of Liverpool highly recommend you attend our skin acne consultation, where our experts will be able to diagnose the type and grade its severity. We’ve put together just some of the treatments we have on offer for the treatment of both active acne and acne scarring below.
What treatments do we offer for acne scarring?
Dermaplaning – Dermaplaning can be very effective in helping to treat acne scars. It is not recommended for those with active or inflammatory acne, but if you are looking to improve the appearance of scarring left behind then dermaplaning can smooth out visible scars and dramatically improve your scars left behind by acne by evening out your skin tone.
Cosmelan Peel – the Cosmelan Depigmentation Peel is effective for managing areas of hyperpigmentation, melasma, and blotchy or scarred skin.This incredible peel will lift dull skin and combat dry areas, dark spots, blemishes, and acne scars. All of these unwanted skin complaints can be safely and significantly improved with this peel. It will balance your skin’s natural oil production to create a healthy, bright and glowing complexion and will also help to prevent outbreaks of acne.
What treatments do we offer for active acne?
The Perfect Derma Peel – The Perfect Derma™ Peel has a booster within it to clear up those pores, reduce pore size and help prevent breakouts from happening again. The topical blend is applied to the skin and around three days later, during the peeling process, the top two – three layers of skin will naturally start to peel away. These top layers of skin are responsible clogging our pores and can cause the skin to appear dull, excessively oily and make it more prone to acne breakouts.
Skin peels – A Peel Treatment works by removing dead skin cells, encouraging cellular renewal as well as collagen production. Often products that we buy in stores will make skin appear smooth and soft however the product will only reach the top layer of the skin. When a skin peel is applied it essentially removes the top layer of skin, and reveals the smoother new skin that lies beneath.