Treating Pigmentation In Every Skin Tone
Skin pigmentation refers to the discolouration of the skin caused by an overproduction of melanin. Melanin is a protective skin-darkening pigment that is produced in specific skin cells known as melanocytes.
All mammals and birds produce melanin; it is believed this production occurs in the skin’s epidermis and the matrix of hair follicles. Melanocyte cells are structured like a tree, with branches spreading outwards. These branches pass melanin to adjacent skin cells, passing on the protective pigment.
However, when these melanocyte cells become damaged, their melanin production is directly affected. A common sign of which is colouration or, more commonly known as, pigmentation.
Whilst pigmentation affects people of all skin tones, it certainly affects darker skin tones much more. People of colour experience more problems with pigmentation due to the already high count of melanin in the skin, consequently making their skin darker.
What Causes Pigmentation?
Sun damage, eczema, and acne are a few of the reasons you may experience pigmentation, as any damage to the cells can cause an overproduction of melanin. Sadly for some, pigmentation is unavoidable as it can be down to skin types inherited from genetics. Furthermore, some of the biggest causes of skin pigmentation are pregnancy and birth control pills; excessive oestrogen and progesterone can cause an overproduction of melanin. So, if you’re a woman of colour who is also on the contraceptive pill, there is a much higher chance that you will experience pigmentation. However, don’t be alarmed! At Aesthetics of Liverpool, we have treatments for all skin tones and types to help reduce the appearance of pigmentation.
Luckily for you, here at Aesthetics of Liverpool, we are experts at removing pigmentation. However, pigmentation can be a tricky issue to tackle. Because of this, it’s essential to use a clinic highly trained and experienced in the treatment of pigmentation to achieve the best results for your unique skin type. Whilst many clinics may feel nervous treating people who have skin above a level four on the Fitzpatrick Scale, we are adept at working with all skin types and are incredibly confident working with skin types 4-6.
The Fitzpatrick Scale is a measurement tool used to categorise different skin tones since 1975. For example, the lowest skin tone, 1, represents very fair skin, whilst level 4 is representative of olive-toned skin. The scale then progresses to level 6, dark brown to black skin. Dermatologists made the scale to note how different skin types responded to varying levels of UV. It has been used ever since as a means of measuring skin tones undergoing dermatological procedures.
As experts on pigmentation removal, we offer a wide range of treatments designed to tackle this issue.
Our Glutathione IV, Pure beauty drip, has been formulated and combines glutathione with vitamins and minerals to restore collagen, stimulate elastin production and brighten skin. This is what makes this IV drip so effective in improving and brightening discolouration caused by hyperpigmentation. Unfortunately, oral supplementation of glutathione is less productive as it gets broken down by the enzymes in the digestive tract. Therefore, the only ways to increase the levels are IV/IM glutathione supplementation or increasing its precursors’ levels.
Similarly, any factors that contribute to the regeneration of active glutathione from its inactive form will increase the functional capacity of glutathione. Thus, IV Glutathione is an effective solution for a variety of pigmentation skin conditions.
Fusion Mesotherapy is a form of needle-free mesotherapy, also known as electroporation, which instead relies on radiofrequency. This technique emits pulsed radiofrequency onto the pigmented skin to open transitional channels and pores at a cellular level. Without piercing the skin, the radio waves are able to penetrate down through the epidermis into the skin’s cells below. These radio waves are pain-free and heat the cells, stimulating the body’s natural healing process. In response, the body creates collagen and elastin proteins which are set to work balancing the skin’s complexion.
When the radio waves heat the dermis below, transdermal transport is actively increased. This includes substances such as water-based, oily, iconic, etc. During the treatment, medical-grade ingredients can be passed down into your skin due to the use of radiofrequency. In addition to stimulating collagen production, Fusion Mesotherapy also allows skincare products to be administered deep into the dermis to remove pigmentation.
This peel is extremely effective at treating discolouration and pigmentation in the skin. The Cosmelan Skin Peel is a chemical peel that contains multiple ingredients designed to reduce the appearance of pigmentation. These chemicals accelerate cellular turnover in your dermis; this means that deeper pigmented cells are forced towards the skin’s surface as new cells are created below. The pigmented cells are then ‘sloughed’ away – a process when the older, damaged cells peel away. Thus, when the peel has taken place, you are left with younger layers of skin without any hyperpigmentation.
It is important to note that a cosmelan skin peel is safe for all skin types on the Fitzpatrick scale. In addition, it does not contain any hydroquinone, a dangerous and damaging substance that controversially is used to lighten skin tones. Instead, the Cosmelan Skin Peel uses pigment-solving ingredients, such as naturally-derived Azelaic and Kojic acids.
A Dermamelan Peel is the world’s leading depigmenting treatment and, again, it is safe on all skin tones, including Asian, ethnic and black skin. This peel is a medium depth peel that uses organic acids to suppress and remove melanin production. Due to its approach, the Dermamelan Peel is, therefore, not only appropriate for treating severe cases of hyperpigmentation but also for melasma. Melasma appears as brown patches on the skin, which are caused by hormonal changes. By interrupting melanin production, your skin’s tone will improve, and it will regain an even complexion.
This peel hosts a wide range of active ingredients designed to target the skin and create brighter, smoother skin overall. This peel contains glutathione, kojic acid, TCA, retinoic acid, salicylic acid, phenol and a blend of essential minerals and vitamins – including vitamin C, which is essential to brightening the skin overall. All these ingredients are commonly used in over the counter skin care products. However, the Perfect Derma Peel provides your skin with everything it needs to create healthier, happier skin.
Salicylic acid is a great exfoliant, whilst retinol, TCA and phenol reduce wrinkles and correct hyperpigmentation. This whole process lasts only 15 minutes and is pain-free; this is a highly effective treatment for pigmentation.
This treatment uses a combination of TCA and hydrogen peroxide to penetrate deep into the dermis. This activates a regeneration process without damaging the surface of the skin. In addition, the combination of TCA and hydrogen is a powerful exfoliant on the skin. This solution contains 33% TCA and 67% hydrogen peroxide – don’t worry, though; it’s a completely safe and effective treatment for the skin. In regenerating the body’s natural healing process, the body’s collagen production will improve, whilst the top layers of the epidermis will naturally be removed. Any pigmentation on the surface will be exfoliated away, allowing the body’s collagen to help repair the damaged, pigmented skin cells further.
SkinPen is a medical-grade, micro-needling device designed to reduce the appearance of pigmentation as well as other skin issues. It creates a controlled induction of the skin’s healing process by creating micro-injuries in the dermis – this stimulates collagen and elastin response without damaging the skin’s surface. As a result, collagen and elastin protein help to create a smoother and more even complexion.
This is a popular choice of treatment for solving skin pigmentation issues due to the SkinPen’s ability to disrupt the junctions between skin cells. As the SkinPen works its magic on the epidermis, the mechanical device temporarily disrupts the body’s skin barrier function. What this means is that the pigment-producing cells, melanocytes, do not react to the micro-needling, stopping them from increasing their melanin production.
This handheld device effectively targets and treats skin pigmentation and can be used on the face, neck, hands and chest and is great for treating skin pigmentation. E-Light treatment combines radiofrequency with light energy to treat vascular and pigmented lesions, such as rosacea, spider veins, red and brown spots and sun damage pigmentation. First, the effective IPL laser is used to preheat the target area, allowing for a thermal path to develop, enabling the radio waves to travel down. This process stimulates collagen production deep in the dermis, helping the body to naturally correct the hyperpigmented cells. Radiofrequency also helps to improve the skin’s texture, laxity and smoothness too. Then, the electromagnetic energy is applied targeting the pigment directly. It also encourages the growth of new skin, without the appearance of pigmentation.
After browsing each treatment, there is bound to be the perfect match for you. We really meant it when we said we were the experts at treating pigmentation for any and all skin types. If you are interested in hearing more about a treatment or want to book your appointment, please head over to our website, where we have lots of information on various treatments!